(R) Muay Thai: Known as Thai boxing, it is the national sport of Thailand. It is a pure striking art in which blows are delivered with the hands, feet, knees and elbows these techniques may be used in mixed martial arts events.
(S) No-holds-barred: An erroneous description and characterization of the sport of mixed martial arts.
(T) Octagon: A fenced enclosure in which some promotional organizations hold MMA competition.
(U) Pankration: Meaning all strength or all power, this is an ancient style of Greek wrestling and boxing in which kicks, throws, and joint locks were used, these techniques may be used in mixed martial arts events.
(V) Passing the guard: This is a term which describes a fighter’s attempt to escape from their opponents guard in order to secure the mount position.
(W) Shoot: A wrestling technique wherein a competitor attempts to capture his opponent’s legs and takes him off his feet, these techniques may be used in mixed martial arts events..
(X) Spike, Spiking: After lifting and inverting an opponent, attempting to slam them headfirst into the canvas. This is illegal.
(Y) Sprawl: A defensive wrestling technique employed to block and counter an opponents shoot.
(Z) Strikes: A cumulative number of punches administered by a contestant to their opponent.
(AA) Submission: A grappling technique which forces a contestant to tap-out. Techniques include chokes, and the hyperextension or over-rotation of a joint.
(BB) Tap-out: The physical act of tapping the opponent, the mat, or one’s self to signal a submission. When unable to physically tap-out, a submission can be vocal.